The EU formally requested the South Korean government to convene a panel of experts over violations of the two sides’ Free Trade Agreement (FTA). The issue concerns the South Korean government’s failure to ratify four International Labour Organization (ILO) core conventions and to conform to the principle of freedom of association in the operation of its Trade Union Act. This marks the first time the EU has convened a panel of experts over labor condition violations in one of the 74 countries with which it has an FTA.